30 Years of ADA: A Look into how the ADA has helped us all




WHAT IS THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT?

ON JULY 26, 1990 THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT WAS PASSED BY PRESIDENT GEORGE H.W.BUSH.


THERE ARE 3 TITLES TO THE ADA:


TITLE 1: EMPLOYMENT

PASSED JULY 26, 1990

TITLE I OF THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT OF 1990 PROHIBITS PRIVATE EMPLOYERS, STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, EMPLOYMENT AGENCIES AND LABOR UNIONS FROM DISCRIMINATING AGAINST QUALIFIED INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES IN JOB APPLICATION PROCEDURES, HIRING, FIRING, ADVANCEMENT, COMPENSATION, JOB TRAINING, AND OTHER TERMS, CONDITIONS, AND PRIVILEGES OF EMPLOYMENT. THE ADA COVERS EMPLOYERS WITH 15 OR MORE EMPLOYEES, INCLUDING STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS. IT ALSO APPLIES TO EMPLOYMENT AGENCIES AND TO LABOR ORGANIZATIONS.

TITLE 2: REGULATIONS

PASSED JULY 26, 1991

“TITLE II APPLIES TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT ENTITIES, AND, IN SUBTITLE A, PROTECTS QUALIFIED INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES FROM DISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN SERVICES, PROGRAMS, AND ACTIVITIES PROVIDED BY STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT ENTITIES. TITLE II EXTENDS THE PROHIBITION ON DISCRIMINATION ESTABLISHED BY SECTION 504 OF THE REHABILITATION ACT OF 1973, AS AMENDED, 29 U.S.C. 794 (SECTION 504), TO ALL ACTIVITIES OF STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS REGARDLESS OF WHETHER THESE ENTITIES RECEIVE FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE. 42 U.S.C. 12131–65”

TITLE 3: ACCESS TO COMMERCIAL FACILITIES

PASSED SEPTEMBER 15, 2010

“TITLE III, WHICH THIS RULE ADDRESSES, PROHIBITS DISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN THE ACTIVITIES OF PLACES OF PUBLIC ACCOMMODATION (BUSINESSES THAT ARE GENERALLY OPEN TO THE PUBLIC AND THAT FALL INTO ONE OF 12 CATEGORIES LISTED IN THE ADA, SUCH AS RESTAURANTS, MOVIE THEATERS, SCHOOLS, DAY CARE FACILITIES, RECREATION FACILITIES, AND DOCTORS’ OFFICES) AND REQUIRES NEWLY CONSTRUCTED OR ALTERED PLACES OF PUBLIC ACCOMMODATION—AS WELL AS COMMERCIAL FACILITIES (PRIVATELY OWNED, NONRESIDENTIAL FACILITIES SUCH AS FACTORIES, WAREHOUSES, OR OFFICE BUILDINGS)—TO COMPLY WITH THE ADA STANDARDS. 42 U.S.C. 12181–89.”

SO WHAT DOES THIS MEAN?


SOURCES

HTTPS://WWW.ADA.GOV/

HTTPS://WWW.ADA.GOV/REGS2010/TITLEIII_2010/TITLEIII_2010_REGULATIONS.PDF